Attention Deficit Disorder (also known as ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are terms used to describe chronic patterns of behavior that are associated with learning disorders. ADHD is quickly becoming the preferred term to use according to the Mayo Clinic because the term ADHD is inclusive of the ADD symptoms.
“Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that typically begins in childhood and often persists into adulthood,” according to theCDC. There is usually a combination of problems such as difficulty sustaining attention, impulsivity and an unusual amount of inappropriate movement. The primary difference between ADD and ADHD is the absence or presence of hyperactive behaviors. ADD is characterized more by lack of attention.
ADHD might include demonstrating hyperactive behaviors such as excessive body movement, fidgeting, difficulty sitting still, and difficulty regulating or monitoring behavior in terms of becoming easily excited. Developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and hyperactivity are often exhibited resulting in functional impairment in scholastic, family and social settings i.e., feelings of low self-esteem, poor performance at school and/or trouble in family and other relationships.
Approximately 9.4% of children 2-17 years of age (6.1 million) had ever been diagnosed with ADHD, according to parent report in 2016. [CDCRead key findings]
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